The authors describe and illustrate the huge variety of known lacquer shapes and decorations produced for all markets within the three periods mentioned above and to a lesser extent in the 18th century, where the documentation is scarce and the demand was less. This involves several hundred individual pieces, most of which are illustrated. Japanese lacquer was soon recognized as the best available and it seems never to have gone out of fashion in Europe, even when the shapes of the furniture on which it appeared did. Japanese lacquer furniture was dismantled to provide panels for inlay into European furniture as tastes changed. This important feature in the history of European furniture is discussed at length and illustrated by many examples.
This volume follows a Specialized Symposium on "Mantle denudation in slow spreading ridges and in ophiolites", held at the XII EUG Meeting in Strasbourg, spring 1993. During the meeting it was felt that the contribuÂ tions to the Symposium justified a volume presenting its main scientific achievements. The present title of the volume shows that the center of interÂ est has slightly shifted with respect to the initial objective: in order to underÂ stand the processes involved in accretion taking place at oceanic ridges, it is crucial to study the interaction between uppermost mantle and lower crust. The approach favored here is that of petrological and structural analysis of oceanic rocks in present-day oceanic ridges combined with similar studies in ophiolites. Rock specimen collected by submersibles or dredge hauls in oceanic ridge environments provide a "ground truth". However, except for areas such as the MARK (Mid-Atlantic Ridge ne ar Kane fracture zone) where, thanks to multiple submersible dives, the local geology is known with aprecision even better than in many onshore ophiolites, mutual relaÂ tionships between uppermost mantle and lower crust are poorly known. In contrast, onshore ophiolites provide a necessary large-scale picture built up over many years of structural and petrological mapping.
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